Blockchain: The Missing Link Between Genomics and Privacy?

Blockchain

 
NEWS
Blockchain: The Missing Link Between Genomics and Privacy?

Genomic testing is ushering in a new age of medicine, as we get closer to the $100 genome. Patients can be treated with much more precision, …
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Confused about blockchain? You should be

Blockchain, at least in the UK, is so very ‘past peak’ in the Gartner Hype Cycle. By now you are likely bored to death hearing about its miraculous …
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Why blockchain technology may be the next big thing

Instead, with his second venture Aicumen, he, wants to focus on a new way of doing business by combining blockchain and AI to build Krama, …
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Blockchain technology could increase the trust in data that we never knew we’d lost

So says 3months.com director Mark Pascall, organiser of theBlockchain.nz – a three-day conference featuring 30 international speakers that kicks off …
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Re-Imagining the Future of Finance with Blockchain

Blockchain works on a distributed ledger model that records every transaction and maintains the chronology and authenticity of that information on a …
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CoinDesk Report: Advances in Blockchain Privacy & Confidentiality

CoinDesk’s newest report aims to serve as a reference guide for those seeking to make blockchain business decisions today, covering in depth the …
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With Blockchain Tallying, Rock N Roll Hall of Fame 2017 Vote Escapes Scrutiny

And so, the Cleveland, Ohio based museum contracted Votem, a blockchain-based voting system provider, to ensure the integrity of the 2017 vote.
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Bonding Experience: Can Kenya Pave a Path for Blockchain Change?

As CoinDesk reported this week, the World Bank plans to formally support the project with research on, among other things, how blockchain …
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Blockchain Biometrics Chimera for Secure Transactions

A combination of biometric authentication and blockchain based storage solution can enhance the security of payment applications worldwide.
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Overstock Ramps Up Blockchain Spending With $8 Million Q1 Loss

Medici, the blockchain technology arm of online retailer Overstock.com, is already on pace to exceed its 2016 spending on distributed ledger R&D.
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WEB
Huge Blockchain Potential for IoT Applications if Vendors Can Tackle Barriers to Growth

Huge Blockchain Potential for IoT Applications if Vendors Can Tackle Barriers to Growth. Information contained on this page is provided by an …
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Wrap of Week #17: Blockchain-Bitcoin-Crypto, BondIT, SME banking, Insurtech, Triodos Bank

We started the week with our Blockchain Bitcoin & Crypto Weekly CXO Briefing Week 3 Fintech for bond portfolio management has very few players.
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Java Developer/Java Engineer – Leading Blockchain Fintech

We are looking for a Java Developer/Java Engineer (Leading Blockchain Fintech) for our three-year-old international fintech startup to help us fulfil our …
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Positive reinforcement

2016 became huge for improvements in synthetic intelligence and machine gaining knowledge.

But 2017 may additionally properly supply even more. Here are 5 key matters to stay up for.

Positive reinforcement

AlphaGo’s historical victory towards one of the excellent Go players of all time, Lee Sedol, became a landmark for the sphere of AI, and particularly for the approach called deep reinforcement mastering.

Reinforcement learning takes an idea from the methods that animals learn how positive behaviors have a tendency to bring about advantageous or poor final results. Using this approach, a laptop can say, determine out the way to navigate a maze with the aid of trial and errors and then accomplice the tremendous final results—exiting the maze—with the moves that led as much as it. This we could a machine study without practice or maybe express examples. The concept has been around for many years, but combining it with big (or deep) neural networks offers the strength had to make it paintings on truly complicated troubles (like the game of Go). Through relentless experimentation, as well as evaluation of previous games, AlphaGo found out for itself how to play the sport at a professional degree.

The hope is that reinforcement learning will now show beneficial in many actual-international conditions. And the latest launch of numerous simulated environments must spur progress at the necessary algorithms by means of growing the variety of abilities computer systems can accumulate this manner.

Dueling neural networks

At the banner AI academic accumulating held in Barcelona, the Neural Information Processing Systems conference, plenty of the excitement a new system getting to know technique called generative hostile networks.

LATEST SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NEWS **Kurzwel**

Monday | April 24, 2017
DAILY EDITION
LATEST SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NEWS

The first 2D microprocessor — based on a layer of just 3 atoms

April 24, 2017
Overview of the entire chip. AC=Accumulator, internal buffer; PC=Program Counter, points at the next instruction to be executed; IR=Instruction Register, used to buffer data- and instruction-bits received from the external memory; CU=Control Unit, orchestrates the other units according to the instruction to be executed; OR=Output Register, memory used to buffer output-data; ALU=Arithmetic Logic Unit, does the actual calculations. [3] (credit: TU Wien)May one day replace traditional microprocessor chips as well as open up new applications in flexible electronics

Researchers at Vienna University of Technology (known as TU Wien) in Vienna, Austria, have developed the world’s first two-dimensional microprocessor — the most complex 2D circuitry so far. Microprocessors based on atomically thin 2D materials promise to one day replace traditional microprocessors as well as open up new applications in flexible electronics. Consisting of 115 … more…

‘Negative mass’ created at Washington State University

April 21, 2017
Experimental images of an expanding spin-orbit superfluid Bose-Einstein condensate at different expansion times (credit: M. A. Khamehchi et al./Physical Review Letters)Washington State University (WSU) physicists have created a fluid with “negative mass,” which means that if you push it, it accelerates toward you instead of away, in apparent violation of Newton’s laws. The phenomenon can be used to explore some of the more challenging concepts of the cosmos, said Michael Forbes, PhD, a WSU assistant … more…

NEW EVENTS

london_futuristsWho can save Humanity from Superintelligence?

Dates: Apr 29, 2017
Location: London, UK
more…

ai-summit-logoThe AI Summit San Francisco

Dates: Sep 27 – 28, 2017
Location: San Francisco, California
more…

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6 Blockchain-based Digital ID Management Platforms

Blockchain

NEWS
6 Blockchain-based Digital ID Management Platforms to Keep an eye on

Blockchain technology can be used for many different purposes, including powering networks such as bitcoin. Digital identity management is an area …
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Why Blockchain May Be Your Next Supply Chain

Blockchain technology may be shaking up a supply chain near you. It’s smarter, it’s faster, and it gets more participants on board. In a recent piece at …
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European Commission Backs Blockchain Pilot With €500k Budget

The European Union’s executive branch is establishing an “observatory” focused on blockchain as part of a wider pilot project. Unveiled earlier this …
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Mike O’Donnell: Volkswagen, Blockchain, and the fear of disruption

Sadly, the Blockchain philosophy has had the opposite experience, with its first real market manifestation being a cryptocurrency called Bitcoin.
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Documentary Presents Accessible Intro to Impact of Blockchain Tech

Delving into how the blockchain ecosystem can shape our future is Swiss-born economist and filmmaker Manuel Stagars, who filmed the recently …
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Industries Gauge Blockchain’s Promise to Unlock New Economic Value

A few weeks ago I attended the IBM Blockchain Summit 2017 in New York. The Summit included presentations of concrete blockchain use cases in a …
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Delaware Law Amendments Would Facilitate Blockchain Maintenance of Corporate Records

In 2015, the then-Governor Jack Markell announced an initiative to embrace blockchain technology, which eventually saw the DSBA Corporation Law …
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Why Europe and China are Ahead of US in Blockchain Development

The US is falling behind China and Europe in blockchain development primarily due to the lack of regulatory frameworks. With a practical approach …
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OUTLIER VENTURES AND IMPERIAL COLLEGE’S BLOCKCHAIN LAB IC3RE SIGN 3 YEAR …

The Imperial College Centre for Cryptocurrency Research & Engineering (IC3RE) at Imperial College London has joined forces with blockchain …
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First European Blockchain for Healthcare conference #bc4hc on 31 May 2017 in Berlin

The first European Blockchain for Healthcare conference is targeted at C-level executives from the healthcare and health insurance industries as well …
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BLOGS
Blockchain Will Change the World. We Think.

Attendees at an MIT conference have big hopes for blockchain. But multiple technical and regulatory issues must be solved first.
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WEB
Dot Blockchain Music

An introduction to the overall technical architecture for Phase 2 of Dot Blockchain Music. Presented by Chris Tse, Tech Lead of the dotBC Open …
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From concept to production: Getting real with blockchain at Consensus

Enterprise leaders are reimagining their business processes with blockchain. Join Consensus 2017 to be part of the transformation in your industry.
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Tradable and scarce digital assets on the blockcha…

Could the blockchain be used to maintain a chain of custody on digital documents? If there were laws and regulations supporting this, I think it could …
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Why banking should stay well clear of blockchains

If the financial services industry is banking on blockchains as the basis for new service innovation, it will be sorely disappointed. Blockchains‘ design …
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SolarCoin, Blockchain and Utilities Industry Data Storage challenges

The Blockchain based cryptocurrency SolarCoin is set to revolutionize the electricity industry – and data storage.
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Blockchain and the wisdom of crowds

His excellent presentation on the difference between a blockchain and database and the niches that the former ought to fill stole the show for me, and …
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Senior QA Engineer – Blockchain!

Senior QA Engineer – Blockchain! in Belfast – Recruit NI, Northern Ireland’s Leading Recruitment Website.
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Humaniq at Blockchain conference in Moscow!

Two days ago, on Wednesday I attended the Blockchain and Bitcoin Conference in Moscow with Humaniq team.

Magnetically storing a bit on a single atom future data storage

Magnetically storing a bit on a single atom — the ultimate future data storage

LATEST SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NEWS

Magnetically storing a bit on a single atom — the ultimate future data storage

April 3, 2017
Dysprosium atoms (green) on the surface of nanoparticles can be magnetized in only one of two possible directions: "spin up" or "spin down." (credit: ETH Zurich / Université de Rennes)Researchers have finally done it — but just for 1.5 minutes near absolute zero

Imagine you could store a bit on a single atom or small molecule — the ultimate magnetic data-storage system. An international team of researchers led by chemists from ETH Zurich has taken a step toward that idea by depositing single magnetizable atoms onto a silica surface, with the atoms retaining their magnetism. In theory, certain … more…

The next agricultural revolution: a ‘bionic leaf’ that could help feed the world

April 3, 2017
The radishes on the right were grown with the help of a bionic leaf that produces fertilizer with bacteria, sunlight, water and air. (credit: Nocera lab, Harvard University)Harvard University chemists have invented a new kind of “bionic” leaf that uses bacteria, sunlight, water, and air to make fertilizer right in the soil where crops are grown. It could make possible a future low-cost commercial fertilizer for poorer countries in the emerging world. The invention deals with the renewed challenge of feeding the … more…

NEW EVENTS

nvidia-logoGPU Technology Conference

Dates: May 8 – 11, 2017
Location: San Jose, California
more…

Meet the scientists building digital ‘brains’ for your phone

The future of AI is neuromorphic. Meet the scientists building digital ‘brains’ for your phone

Neuromorphic chips are being designed to specifically mimic the human brain – and they could soon replace CPUs


BRAIN ACTIVITY MAP
Neuroscape Lab

AI services like Apple’s Siri and others operate by sending your queries to faraway data centers, which send back responses. The reason they rely on cloud-based computing is that today’s electronics don’t come with enough computing power to run the processing-heavy algorithms needed for machine learning. The typical CPUs most smartphones use could never handle a system like Siri on the device. But Dr. Chris Eliasmith, a theoretical neuroscientist and co-CEO of Canadian AI startup Applied Brain Research, is confident that a new type of chip is about to change that.

“Many have suggested Moore’s law is ending and that means we won’t get ‘more compute’ cheaper using the same methods,” Eliasmith says. He’s betting on the proliferation of ‘neuromorphics’ — a type of computer chip that is not yet widely known but already being developed by several major chip makers.

Traditional CPUs process instructions based on “clocked time” – information is transmitted at regular intervals, as if managed by a metronome. By packing in digital equivalents of neurons, neuromorphics communicate in parallel (and without the rigidity of clocked time) using “spikes” – bursts of electric current that can be sent whenever needed. Just like our own brains, the chip’s neurons communicate by processing incoming flows of electricity – each neuron able to determine from the incoming spike whether to send current out to the next neuron.

What makes this a big deal is that these chips require far less power to process AI algorithms. For example, one neuromorphic chip made by IBM contains five times as many transistors as a standard Intel processor, yet consumes only 70 milliwatts of power. An Intel processor would use anywhere from 35 to 140 watts, or up to 2000 times more power.

Eliasmith points out that neuromorphics aren’t new and that their designs have been around since the 80s. Back then, however, the designs required specific algorithms be baked directly into the chip. That meant you’d need one chip for detecting motion, and a different one for detecting sound. None of the chips acted as a general processor in the way that our own cortex does.

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This was partly because there hasn’t been any way for programmers to design algorithms that can do much with a general purpose chip. So even as these brain-like chips were being developed, building algorithms for them has remained a challenge.

Eliasmith and his team are keenly focused on building tools that would allow a community of programmers to deploy AI algorithms on these new cortical chips.

Central to these efforts is Nengo, a compiler that developers can use to build their own algorithms for AI applications that will operate on general purpose neuromorphic hardware. Compilers are a software tool that programmers use to write code, and that translate that code into the complex instructions that get hardware to actually do something. What makes Nengo useful is its use of the familiar Python programming language – known for it’s intuitive syntax – and its ability to put the algorithms on many different hardware platforms, including neuromorphic chips. Pretty soon, anyone with an understanding of Python could be building sophisticated neural nets made for neuromorphic hardware.

“Things like vision systems, speech systems, motion control, and adaptive robotic controllers have already been built with Nengo,” Peter Suma, a trained computer scientist and the other CEO of Applied Brain Research, tells me.

Perhaps the most impressive system built using the compiler is Spaun, a project that in 2012 earned international praise for being the most complex brain model ever simulated on a computer. Spaun demonstrated that computers could be made to interact fluidly with the environment, and perform human-like cognitive tasks like recognizing images and controlling a robot arm that writes down what it’s sees. The machine wasn’t perfect, but it was a stunning demonstration that computers could one day blur the line between human and machine cognition. Recently, by using neuromorphics, most of Spaun has been run 9000x faster, using less energy than it would on conventional CPUs – and by the end of 2017, all of Spaun will be running on Neuromorphic hardware.

Eliasmith won NSERC’s John C. Polyani award for that project — Canada’s highest recognition for a breakthrough scientific achievement – and once Suma came across the research, the pair joined forces to commercialize these tools.

“While Spaun shows us a way towards one day building fluidly intelligent reasoning systems, in the nearer term neuromorphics will enable many types of context aware AIs,” says Suma. Suma points out that while today’s AIs like Siri remain offline until explicitly called into action, we’ll soon have artificial agents that are ‘always on’ and ever-present in our lives.

“Imagine a SIRI that listens and sees all of your conversations and interactions. You’ll be able to ask it for things like – “Who did I have that conversation about doing the launch for our new product in Tokyo?” or “What was that idea for my wife’s birthday gift that Melissa suggested?,” he says.

When I raised concerns that some company might then have an uninterrupted window into even the most intimate parts of my life, I’m reminded that because the AI would be processed locally on the device, there’s no need for that information to touch a server owned by a big company. And for Eliasmith, this ‘always on’ component is a necessary step towards true machine cognition. “The most fundamental difference between most available AI systems of today and the biological intelligent systems we are used to, is the fact that the latter always operate in real-time. Bodies and brains are built to work with the physics of the world,” he says.

Already, major efforts across the IT industry are heating up to get their AI services into the hands of users. Companies like Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and even Samsung, are developing conversational assistants they hope will one day become digital helpers.

With the rise of neuromorphics, and tools like Nengo, we could soon have AI’s capable of exhibiting a stunning level of natural intelligence – right on our phones.

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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NEWS

 

LATEST SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY NEWS

This advance could finally make graphene-based semiconductor chips feasible

March 31, 2017
Atomic force microscopy image of as-deposited (left) and laser-annealed (right) rGO (bottom) thin films. The entire "pulsed laser annealing" process is done at room temperature and atmospheric pressure using high-power nanosecond laser pulses to "melt" the rGO material; it is completed in about 200 nanoseconds. (credit: Anagh Bhaumik and Jagdish Narayan/Journal of Applied Physics)Researchers at North Carolina State University (NC State) have developed a layered material that can be used to develop transistors based on graphene — a long-sought goal in the electronics industry. Graphene has attractive properties, such as extremely high conductivity, meaning it conducts the flow of electrical current really well (compared to copper, for example), …more…

Scientists grow beating heart tissue on spinach leaves

March 31, 2017
(credit: Worcester Polytechnic Institute)How crossing plant and animal kingdoms may lead to radical new tissue-engineering breakthroughs

A research team headed by Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) scientists* has solved a major tissue engineering problem holding back the regeneration of damaged human tissues and organs: how to grow small, delicate blood vessels, which are beyond the capabilities of 3D printing.** The researchers used plant leaves as scaffolds (structures) in an attempt to create the … more…

NEW BLOG POSTS

Vanity Fair | Elon Musk’s billion dollar crusade to stop the AI apocalypse

March 31, 2017
Vanity Fair - A4Ray Kurzweil interview on artificial intelligence futures

publication: Vanity Fair column: Hive story title: Elon Musk’s billion dollar crusade to stop the AI apocalpyse story author: by Maureen Dowd date: April 2017 issue story excerpts from interview with Ray Kurzweil: 1. |  Spiraling capabilities of self-improving artificial intelligence Google has gobbled up almost every robotics & machine learning company.It bought Deep•Mind for $650 … more…

The New York Times • Book Review | How we’ll end up merging with our technology

March 30, 2017
New York Times - Book Review - T4Ray Kurzweil reviews two popular books

Dear readers, Ray Kurzweil wrote a book review for The New York Times • Book Review section. His review is titled “How we we’ll end up merging with our technology.” He reviews two new books on computing and the future of society. Please click to read the full review here exploring these two popular books in science & …more…

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